# Textsc Latex – Design, Features, Uses & Meaning

Some days ago, I was asked to give a talk on LaTeX at the Summer School of the University of Trento. A few hours before my presentation, I realized that I hadn’t worked with LaTeX in months, and I had to quickly learn it again. This article is a summary of what little time I spent learning how to use it and get back into the rhythm.

What is Textsc Latex? There are many online texters for latex, but none of them is as comprehensive as this one. With more than 50 methods listed in its database, textsc provides you with all the tools you need to write and proofread.

You can also see examples of the quality of the texts, which enables you to get feedback on your work.

## How To Change Textsc Latex Font To Small Caps?

If you want to change the font in which text is displayed, a reliable way of doing it quickly is with commands “->”, “>”, and “$” as suggested by Gigincide. When first looking at these options, I thought they would be useful only for documents created using LaTeX macros (as opposed to simple formulas). In fact though, they are also available within environments such as MathML , so when creating mathematical content with your preferred environment like SageMath or Mathematica this small caps function could have great benefits: ### How To Change The Font Of A Single Text? My current personal standard fonts are Gentium, Empire, and DreamFont. They’re all slightly different from each other but can sometimes be seen together in my documents for a specific purpose (e.g., when I’m giving talks or creating scripts). Here’s an example that shows how easy it is to set up your own default master document: How do you insert lists in blocks like this [LIST]: A lot has been written about things such as numbered lines, bullets, etc…but very little on how these elements interact with the environment where you are writing. In this article, we explore some of the details, from basic approaches like numbering lines to presenting ideas with lists and very complex examples involving just about every type of list-handling option you can think of… ### How Do I Convert Single Characters Into Roman Numerals? If you want to turn a single character that is not directly alphabetic-based (i.e., / – ) into an entire number sequence or even make it look “almost” correct there’s one useful thing shortcut in TeX that can save us hours of handwork: \RomanN \ to \RomanNum\ . How will I be able to indent food preparation instructions or lists of ingredients? There’s a very easy way: set-option get extra. This variable is defined by the package, so all you have to do is include it in your preamble with one line like this making sure you edit accordingly. Note that on Unix systems there are other shortcuts available but they’re not necessary for everyone and only slightly different from TeX mode. ### How Do I Convert Fixed-width Or Proportional Fonts Into Variable-width Ones? Let’s consider the function used by Tex to generate headings. It may take 6, 32 or even 90 lines: \usepackage[6pt]{fontenc} \begin{document} Some text here contents of Headline Sections #1 Section content EndHeadLinesections Subsection#1 More sectionmappings ==> B C D e f … T . Other small text #2 Here comes another sum’n up on a title ….. Other small text Here we end yet another subsection Two things are needed to turn this into a variable-width document: * A list of spaces per line. Along with the value for space that can be set at compile-time (see TeX/Options) it makes up the main parameters defining your docutils items. Setting up such a list would correspond to doing this from scratch in LaTeX, But there are preprocessor symbols associated with those values in CSS and friends so we don’t need any program for that purpose and solve all our needs anyway by including them directly instead. This date back to an old version of Indic support which is now mostly unused. * A list of line-feedings in two. This needs to be defined separately each time one will use a different value which would normally be passed as the parameter, but we don’t have to worry about it because they’ve handled automatically thanks to these defaults variables: \ly&% and all_LF'(6, true); We can just include them like so by adding the following lines (think m @ head=<<date>firstname lastname>>file1;#5linewidth=’0pt’;@ for that definition. ### Font Sizes, Families, And Styles The line height is controlled by the box condition. The font size can be set separately using a variable which defaults to \forcentheta as defined in CSS and friends. Here are some examples:$WWidth=2 em Other small text #1 Contains 6 spaces per line here.

This little stuff that we have been writing down without paying attention at the LaTeX level has its own parameters, mainly concerning fonts sizes and style commands (which roughly corresponds to what is called kerning).

Bibliography fields It’s rather tricky but it works fine with libraries or pages so you don’t need to read too much about it.

You would only have to decide the list of bibliographic databases which you want apart from any LaTeX commands that may contain \bibitemstyle; these can be input into Indic and rendered directly as such in either a new section or subdocument (which is what we will do).

The problem lies in how to break down someone’s sentence, highlighting all its content parts with a lot of different values each; in several cases, they are very similar but users usually style them differently anyway.

For example: ${match{$1}{cite}\\un }\bibitem[\s.{$2}]{.} This can be done as follows:$WWidth=1em no collation { \begin normal section \punctuate everything like this…

As result, we get something that looks very similar to the first version but you could choose another font size and possibly a different style, or even put some other line-height function in there; decoration is not really important (unless you want to mix some quotes with stuff).

You should definitely decide beforehand what your bibbers’ stylesheet content will look like (like it might be a code snippet or some background information) so the right virtual font appears at the right place. Strictly speaking, all of those above examples don’t really look like actual BibTeX references.

### When Using \textsc, Latex Issues Warning: Font Shape `ot1/cmr/bx/sc’ Undefined

Of course, you do want them to be used in your document as bibliographic references so we need a little more work … When using \providebib the result is recognized:

This doesn’t look quite right … We can try generating “fake” hyperlinks and see if they get rendered. Assuming that \$WWidth=1em { no default wrapping type math \begin the normal section with 2 wraps math style frame content box attribute page-break&br=#0pt spaces {\it aligns} cents you will have something like this (the spacing also causes some issues):

You might want to remove some ampersands from the bibliography (since they are used as a “virtual hyphen”, but your source needs them in it), and you’ll also want to include font-style overrides.

You will have many different versions of this, depending on whether or not you style local elements with text scale \textsc[r]{name}{h\fontsize}, oprovidebib(bottom) { pdf text:}} cosmetic changes such as using MFTEddit instead of BibTeX find2pdf generate_hyperlinks .py –hyperlinks \providebib

We soon get to the point where we see functions such as make title instead of (obvious) title . My timestamps are not rendered correctly:

I would have expected them to just be displayed like in a more “robust” bibliography environment. Finally, you will want document classes and other things helping out with classifying your entries … Having distinctive features is really important if people search for that specific material!

BibTeX references contained within text   If a description in one reference turns into an @de-reference later on, you will lose the reference from your bibliography entries. A simple solution is to append a reference in-between parts of material by writing \bibsource{Bands }

My understanding is that at least biblatex can handle nested references (see my repeated walks notes), but I am afraid we still need more work here since it was not really mentioned as one of its main tasks while using BiBTeX (the @reference command).

Features missing and flags defined differentially   Some users would like better highlights or coloring of statement commands: they are always perfectly fine with special highlighting for them.

I personally would like a marking set for tests, since we can ideally also check results of these on various platforms at least. While using the Bs-feature list, you’ll notice some differences compared to BibTeX.

This is because you define quite large and custom highlighting parts which are not really used by biblatex . If it were up to me, I’d label them with @bs@.

At this point, users can consider changing from BibTeX back to the way they like (memo or anything else they wanted). For some schemes, people may want extra flags definition e.g., “@runtest” or “@unittests”.

Issues at the beginning   I cannot imagine a situation where the Bs-feature list for me is always better than BibTeX by far. A pro side would be its basic functionality and very efficient performance, which will keep users returning to that tool instead of some research software … As long as people like it: we’ll stay with them.

### When There Is A Problem With Font Size In \textsc, What To Do?

Some of us have started to experience the problem where LaTeX simply does not see \textsc and makes an error because it is “too large”. This happens for at least a few people. If you run your browser’s developer tools, you’ll be able to find out that initially, all fonts in this mode are as small or even smaller than normal:

E:\Windows\Fonts change font size What most users do is increase their default text sizes within File -> Options-> Documents (on Windows). You can then use your editor anyway, increasing the viewport length later on inside Tools -> Document Viewer (on Windows).

A similar problem happens with psref if you have a standalone font installed that is bigger than Photoshop’s default. This simple script can help: #!c:/program files/Dreamweaver 9.0

It must include exactly these pieces of information (at least one item per line): Scheme name The entry point within our pages’ LaTeX code Route in p latex (e.g., \subsection ) The syntax of the section in POD’s output Scheme version & information for updates New category

What should be done with new schemes to become Bs-features: As benchmarks, try it yourself Run a code checker like find bugs; you might get some errors anyway But please don’t wait until we fix them.

If after all LaTeXiT introduces this as an official item, I’d ask that other people also do their own tests Use it on our website – just copy a link from your browser and add the scheme.

2.2 Tell about the background for grammar support, not all features

If you already have a plugin, please don’t just tell us in your update message: #uhoh-better-grammar-included Once you’ve added some features and bugfixes (which I’ll call “A”, e.g., an A5e syntax), can we expect similar improvements and more new ones at some point when upgrading to another stable version?

The answer is “Yes of course!”, if realistic time frames also apply for these possible futures goodness! We’d better let people know that this doesn’t mean that the editing features and improvements are reserved for happy people only already meant to work with LaTeXiT.

Don’t code in a language that will explode when translated on a non-English file system!

In general, I don’t mind if you intensify your own programming skills by developing plugins or other tools (e.g., image viewers). That would improve my mental health too.

### How Can I Change The Font Size For Textsc And Latex?

With the update to release 5.0.5, you can now also export textsc page templates in PS format (see How one might attach an alternative LaTeX font? )

In view of this change, I’d ask that if a few users request it – and are prepared for some less comfortable migration steps than changing their current program settings for resizing specified typesets’ output – please please test whether your desired result works with all versions from 5.0 until our official future last version 6?

If you need support due to frustrations caused by lacking features or problems with required resources (because they are not installed yet), this could become a good project for somebody willing to share the burden of supporting people with less knowledge about LaTeXiT.

Although one should expect that such an approach has its downsides, I’m sure some benefactors would also be pleased to use only features which have already been added!

What/Which version do you need when developing plugins (e.g., OpenGL or LibreOffice’s OpenInspector)?

I don’t mean what specific external library – e.g., jpeg, libpano13, etc. ; unfortunately no Windows program installer automatically creates environments depending on these libraries since Windows is not a UNIX platform.

I find it instructive to briefly explain my colleagues’ experiences with the external plugin path in detail:

Dead ends, for example when required library files have become fairly solid – and are therefore included by LaTeXiT (Sophos FindEntry http://www.sophos.com/tagged/findentry ) or official extensions like evm2tk (‘Latex-to-TeXML translator’),

But still give problems because they can’t be installed via their Creators’ Kits (I’d stick with TeXLive, there are never problems with it (yet)).

The former approach exposes LaTeXiT to the user’s configuration environments up through your-TeXlive.cfg or ~latexmk, whereas one can circumvent this by customizing settings in those files via commands like :

tex latex -synth evm2tk.cfg Options/Latexmk “your-SophosFindEntry” (the command line option \ ‘extensions’ is necessary unless compiled afresh from source) with or without user preferences and font collections as required.

A solution that has existed for a considerable time now: download new LaTeXiT binaries each time Sophos finds that their information had become out of date (as happens after major releases; I just didn’t want to link to the relevant documentation).

Q: Where Do I Find Instructions For Creating Font Tables?

A: http://www.tex4ht.org/faq-fonttables

Q: The Text Extends Over More Than One Page, But The Unicode Characters Are Small! What Could Be Wrong?

A: For long documents, you should use tiny book or a fixed-width font (like T1) so that your document will always have the same number of columns and not stretch across multiple pages when wrapping to multiples of eighty blocks on input paper widths such as landscape mode on A4 printers.

Q: Where Is The Indicator To See How Much Whitespace Was Omitted?

A: You can use \hboxat{0.75in} in all dimensions with this command.

\begin{document} \title {Title of document} \author {Author Name}

\producer {\Contributor’s title here}{the producer, if any. The English name is enclosed in curly braces and the nationality needs to be written out too. }

\keywords {Keyword(s) to be used in the document}

\toppost{two extra lines at the top of the paper}

\end{document}

\begin{document}

Q: Where Is The Indicator To See How Much Whitespace Was Omitted?

A: You can use \hboxat{0.75in} in all dimensions with this command.

\begin{document}

Q: Where Do I Find Out How Much Whitespace Was Omitted?

A: The commands hspace and vspace will give you the amount of space that is between two paragraphs or columns, respectively.

#### Conclusion

Sometimes, you may face some issues with the font size in \textsc. Here are some solutions to these problems: 1. To change the font size of textsc, you can use the command \setfontsize{} in your document.

This will work only if there is a specific font file specified in your document, like \usepackage[OT1/cmr/bx/sc]{fontenc}.  2. If there is no specific font file defined, then you can also use \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} to define the font file for LaTeX. I hope now you know Textsc Latex.